The Karnataka State Highways Improvement Project (KSHIP) is an initiative of the Public Works Department of the Government of Karnataka for improvement of road network of the state with World Bank assistance. The Public Works Department carried out Strategic Option Study (SOS) during 1996 on a road network of 13,362 kms comprising State Highways and Major District Roads and the study identified 2888 kms of roads for prioritized improvements. The World Bank have extended Technical Assistance (T.A.) Loan of US $ 3.2 million for project preparation through the Department of Economic Affairs of Ministry of Finance, Government of India for taking up the Project Coordinating Consultancy (PCC) Services to investigate and prepare detailed project report on the 2888 kms and Institutional Development Strategy (IDS) Study. With concurrence of the World Bank, M/s. Scott Wilson Kirkpatrick, United Kingdom were selected and appointed on 07-01-1999 to carryout PCC Services for 2505 kms of roads. The PCC Services were divided into Phase I & II. The PCC Consultants carried out feasibility and social & environmental screening and identified 2271 kms for prioritized improvement. It is proposed to undertake Upgradation of 992 Kms and Rehabilitation of 1277 Kms. PCC Consultants further carried out Survey and investigation, detailed engineering, socio-economic survey and environmental impact assessment on selected road links and submitted the final reports of Phase I & II containing detailed engineering design for 992.00 Kms for Upgradation and for 1277.10 Kms for Rehabilitation. They also submitted reports on Environmental Impact Assessment, Socio-economic Survey and Resettlement Action Plan. It is also envisaged in the project to construct 50 Kms of bypasses at Challakere, Mudhol, Bijapur, Sindhanur, Kudchi, Raichur etc.
Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation & Resettlement
Based on the traffic studies conducted, the traffic volume (AADT) for many of the study corridors has crossed the Design Service Volume for a single / intermediate lane carriageway. The industrial and agricultural growth and other corridor developments along the study roads would increase the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) which in turn will influence the traffic growth. This means that the study roads need to be wider to accommodate the projected traffic. Hence, o maintain the proposed Level of Service – B, the existing roads require Widening / Widening & Strengthening.
Major Maintenance / Rehabilitation :
The roads where the existing traffic volume does not exceed the Design Service Volume require strengthening by means of an overlay to improve the riding quality which reduces the travel time and vehicle operation cost. This treatment is termed as Rehabilitation. It is estimated totally 220 acres of both private and government land is required for widening of the project roads. Acquisition of land for Phase I project roads measuring 28 – 17 ½ acres in Gulbarga, Bijapur, Raichur, Bidar and Koppal is under process. In Phase – II, approximately 200 acres of land is required in the districts of Blegaum, Bijapur, Bagalkote, Bellary, Chitradurga. Peg marking of actual land to be acquired is under process. Government have formulated Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy to mitigate the hardships of Project Affected Families. There are 252 Project Affected Families (PAFs) in Phase I and 4000 families in Phase II. The Resettlement Action Plan has been prepared to mitigate issues arising out of land acquisition, at a cost of Rs.4,50 crores for Phase I and Rs.16.13 crores for Phase II and rehabilitate the PAFs at a cost of Rs.21.20 crores in phase I and Rs.29 crores in Phase II. A Social Development & Resettlement Cell (SDRC) has been created in the Project Implementation Unit (PIU) consisting of an Assistant Commissioner, Land Acquisition and Assistant Director, Social Welfare with support staff and a Non Governmental Organization (NGO) to implement the Resettlement Action Plan (RAP).
Shifting of Public Utility :
District Level Committees under the Chairmanship of the Deputy Commissioner have been constituted to monitor shifting and relocation of public utilities including cutting of avenue trees in the Carridor of Impact (COI). Phase I shifting process is under way.
Environment Impacts & Management :
Most of the environmental impacts are limited to the construction phase and good construction practices along with efficient supervision will mitigate majority of the impacts. Further, Upgradation of existing of roads results in felling of 5393 trees in 395 kms of Phase I roads and 15,290 trees in 565 Kms of Phase II roads. The project provides for plantation and maintenance of 200 trees per km for a five year period. A total of about 1,00,000 tress will be planted on Upgradation roads. Forest Department has entered into a Memorandum of Understanding for implementation of afforestation programme. An Environment Management Plan (EMP) has been formulated which defines the contractual obligations of the civil contractors in matter related to protection of environment and the responsibilities of the supervision consultants in monitoring the implementation of the mitigation measures. An Environmental Management Plan Implementation Unit (EMPIU) has been created in Project Implementation Unti (PIU) and an Environment Engineer and Assistant Conservator of Forests have een positioned with support staff to monitor implementation of Environment Management Plan. An amount of Rs.21 crores has been allocated for EMP Implementation.
Procurement Methods :
All Goods, Works and Consultancy Services financed under the Bank Loan will be procured in accordance with the World Bank Guidelines for procurement. The works relating to upgrading and widening of 992 Km will be implemented in eight contract packages under International Competitive Bidding (ICB), where the contract values range from Rs.35 crores to Rs.205 crores. The work relating to rehabilitation and upgradation contracts of smaller value ranging from Rs.3 Crores to Rs.38 Crores will be procured under National Competitive Bidding (NCB). Goods and equipment including Computer hardware and software, vehicles, office and laboratory equipments will be procured both under ICB and NCB procedures and small value off the shelf items would be procured following National / International Shopping procedure. The Consulting Services will be procured in accordance with the World Bank’s Guidelines for the selection and Employment of Consultants.